Paraphasias - A paraphasia is when an incorrect word is substituted for the right one. There are three main types of paraphasia:
- Phonemic paraphasias also called literal paraphasias, involve the substitution, addition, or rearrangement of speech sounds so that the error can be identified as sounding like the target e.g. pike/pipe, kipe/pipe
- Verbal paraphasias are identified based on whether there is a semantic relationship between the words e.g day/month; talking/hearing
- Neologistic paraphasias are spoken words which cannot be identified as having come from the patient’s language e.g. planker/comb; pinwad/light
Penetration – when foreign matter such as food, liquid or secretions enter into the larynx but does not pass through the true vocal cords
Phonology – speech sounds
Primary Progressive Aphasia – a language disorder which progresses gradually and has a prolonged course due to a degenerative condition.
Therapy Midlands are a team of specialist speech and language therapists working in Birmingham, Solihull and across the West Midlands. We can provide assessment and treatment to children and adults with speech, language, communication and swallowing difficulties. High quality medico-legal reporting service available.